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Posts Tagged ‘teens’

The results are in!

This Just In!

Yalsa has announced the top teen titles of 2014!

If you would like a list with brief descriptions of the books, click here.

Official 2014 Teens’ Top Ten titles announced!
1.Eleanor & Park by Rainbow Rowell (Macmillan/St. Martin’s Griffin)
2.Splintered by A.G. Howard (ABRAMS/Amulet Books)
3.The Rithmatist by Brandon Sanderson (Tor Teen)
4.The 5th Wave by Rick Yancey (Penguin/Putnam Juvenile)
5.Monument 14: Sky on Fire by Emmy Laybourne (Macmillan/Feiwel & Friends)
6.Earth Girl by Janet Edwards (Prometheus Books /Pyr)
7.The Testing by Joelle Charbonneau (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt)
8.Steelheart by Brandon Sanderson (Random House/Delacorte Press)
9.Siege and Storm by Leigh Bardugo (Macmillan/Henry Holt Books for Young Readers)
10.The Eye of Minds by James Dashner (Random House/Delacorte Press

There are 25 contenders for the top ten book trailers.

Check out their youtube channel to see all 25.  You might even find a familiar face or two talking about why they are young adult librarians!

The Yalsa hub at ala.org will always give you up to date information about teen literature.  You can find book trailers, contests, lists of recommended reading and much more.  Yalsa stands for Young Adult Library Services Association.  It is all about literature for teens.  There is even an app for finding book recommendations for young adults.  I highly recommend it!

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The Allen County Public Library has many books about health and disease on its shelves. Since November is National Diabetes Month, I am going to focus on diabetes. Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes and an additional 79 million have prediabetes and are at risk of developing the disease. There are many other diseases and diagnoses that people come to the library to research. Diabetes is just the example. This is the third in a series of four posts about diabetes. If you have questions about researching any health topics, please contact Ask a Librarian.


Research and Development

pumpsI have lived with type 1 diabetes for 40 years and the changes in treatment are in some ways tremendous, but in other ways they have changed very little. Some of the changes are as simple as being able to check your blood glucose with a home monitor. Insulin pumps are a good way to approximate the way insulin is delivered by your body, but what has not changed is that there is no cure for the disease. We only have ways to treat it that do not eliminate the disease.

Insulin is not a cure. It is a synthetic hormone that replaces the insulin produced by your body, but then you have to fit your lifestyle and your eating patterns to the drug, rather than the other way around. This can be a very rocky road. I use an insulin pump and 4-6 blood glucose checks per day, but that by itself it is not a perfect solution. A perfect solution would sense changes in blood glucose and react by adding glucose or insulin as needed. There are some companies with continuous glucose monitors that can notify the insulin pump of changes, but you still have to do a finger stick to see what is really happening and adjust the insulin dose from the pump accordingly.

The exciting changes, however, are coming very quickly. Right now researchers are working on several different ways to treat type 1 pancreasdiabetes that are approaching the way your body was designed to work. Several companies are working on artificial pancreas devices that would take the human element out of the equation. These have both insulin and glucagon to address high and low blood glucose and are run with a modified iphone. The artificial pancreas is a fascinating device, but it is still a device that has to have insulin and glucagon reservoirs and runs the risks of any device — it can malfunction. They have entered into human trials of these in Europe.

Other companies are working on the development of “smart insulin.” One daily injection of smart insulin circulates in the bloodstream and only turns on when it is needed. It turns off when it isn’t needed.

The development I am waiting for is one that researchers have been working toward for nearly 50 years. Beta cells are the cells that produce insulin in your pancreas. Transplantation of beta cells has been a difficult goal because diabetes is an auto immune disease, or one in which your body attack its own cells. Beta cells are the target of the antibodies that cause diabetes. There are now human trials for encapsulated beta cells that allow insulin to get out, but do not allow the auto immune antibodies to get to the cells. The first human implantation of beta cells occurred on 10/29/2014. Researchers are also looking for a way to stop the destruction of beta cells in newly diagnosed diabetics and to restore pancreatic function, which may be the best idea of them all. Changes in diabetic treatment are so recent and moving forward so quickly that you need to use our e-resources databases to find much information. There are also government webpages that can be accessed through our online catalog. These developments are so exciting that I think we may see a cure for diabetes in my lifetime!

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The Allen County Public Library has many books about health and disease on its shelves. Since November is National Diabetes Month, I am going to focus on diabetes. November is also blogging month, so I am writing a blog entry each week for Notes From the Underground. Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes and an additional 79 million have prediabetes and are at risk of developing the disease. There are many other diseases and diagnoses that people come to the library to research. Diabetes is just the example. If you have questions about researching any health topics, please contact Ask a Librarian.


Complications

guideDiabetes is an insidious disease. It affects not only the pancreas and its ability to process carbohydrates, but it can lead to complications in most of the other systems of the body. Complications of the nervous system, circulatory system, digestive system, skin, eyes, kidneys and skeletal system can occur at any time, but usually come after a long period of uncontrolled blood glucose. The risk of complications can be reduced but not eliminated by tight control of blood glucose.

Changes in the eye caused by diabetes are one of the first signs of complications that can be detected. The retina is one of the ways that the health of small blood vessels can be observed. An eye doctor will dilate your pupils in order to look at those blood vessels. If the blood vessels in your eyes are healthy, chances are that your other blood vessels are healthy, too. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults, but tight control of blood glucose levels will help prevent blindness as well as other complications of the eye that are more common in people with diabetes than they are in the general population, including glaucoma and cataracts.

Nearly 50% of all people with diabetes will eventually develop neuropathy: damage to nerves throughout the body. Damage to nerves and to small blood vessels can contribute to kidney failure, which is eventually developed by 30% of all people with type 1 diabetes. Neuropathy also causes a loss of sensation in the hands and feet, which can lead to a failure to notice and treat injuries before they become bigger problems. Broken bones in the feet can cause deformities that can rub inside shoes, forming ulcers that can lead to amputation.

People with diabetes have an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol and a decreased resistance to infection. Each of these possibilities make life challenging for people with diabetes. If you would like to know more, look in the ACPL catalog or come to any ACPL location for books and journal articles.

There is good news, however. The Center for Disease Control reported in April that the rates for diabetes complications have fallen even though the number of people with diabetes has tripled in the last 20 years. This decline is attributed to advances in treatment and understanding of complications.

Next week’s entry will be about advances in treatment and research.

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The Allen County Public Library has many books about health and disease on its shelves. Since November is National Diabetes Month, I am going to focus on type 1 diabetes.  Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes and an additional 79 million have prediabetes and are at risk of developing the disease.  There are many other diseases and diagnoses that people come to the library to research. Diabetes is just the example. If you have questions about researching any health topics, please contact Ask a Librarian.

How much do you know about diabetes?  Take this short quiz.

There are hundreds of books related to diabetes in the ACPL catalog

What is diabetes?  The simplified version is that it is the body’s inability to take glucose from the bloodstream and move it to the cells where glucose provides energy for everything your body does.  The key to moving glucose molecules into the cells is insulin. Some people have type1 diabetes, which means their bodies do not produce insulin.  Most people who are diagnosed as having type1 diabetes are under the age of 21.  This is why it used to be called Juvenile diabetes. Others have type2 diabetes, which is an insulin insufficiency.  People with type2 either don’t produce enough insulin or they don’t produce the right kind of insulin.  Their bodies are resistant to insulin.  November is National Diabetes Awareness Month, so I plan to write a little about the disease every Wednesday this month.  Today’s installment is about a day in the life of diabetes type1.  I have had type1 diabetes for 40 years.  I have used several different types of insulin in those years with anywhere from 1 to 6 injections of insulin per day.  I currently use an insulin pump, which delivers a basal amount of insulin 24/7 via a tube inserted under my skin.  When I eat, I calculate how many grams of carbohydrate I consume and based on rates programmed into my pump, it calculates how much insulin to deliver in a dose called a bolus.  The bolus can be a normal bolus(delivered all at once), a square bolus (delivered over a period of time) or a dual bolus(split between a normal and a square bolus).

This is my log for November 1 2014:

2:15 a.m. I woke knowing my blood glucose (bg) had rebounded to high  from a low yesterday evening.  I took a 5 unit bolus without checking my bg because the monitor was downstairs and I did not want to put on my boot to go get it (I have broken bones in my right foot and am wearing a fixed ankle boot during the day.)  That’s not the best idea, but we do what we can.

8:30 a.m. I checked my bg – it was 389.  (90-100 is normal)

9:00 a.m. I took a 9 unit bolus to bring bg down.

10:30 a.m. bg 84.  Lunch isn’t until 1:00, so the bolus brought it down too quickly.  I ate 10 g of carbohydrates and suspended my insulin pump so that it did not continue to give me a basal dose while my bg was low.

11:00 a.m. bg 87.  If that stays stable I should be fine until lunch.

12:00 p.m. bg 64  Called daughter who lives close to bring candy;  I don’t have any with me today (unusual).  Pump is still suspended, but 3.1 units of insulin are still active in my body from the 9:00 a.m. bolus.  My daughter brought me a can of pop.  37g carbohydrates.  Turned pump back on so it was again giving me a basal dose of insulin.

1:00 p.m. bg 192  Time for lunch.  I had a queserito from Taco Bell.  I estimated it at 32g of carbohydrates. My pump calculated 2.8 units of insulin for a normal bolus and 2.2 for a 30 minute square bolus for a total af 5 units.

3:00  p.m.  bg 362.  Queserito was actually 62g of carbohydrates.  I plugged this information into my insulin pump and it calculated that I needed 1.6 more units of insulin.

5:30 pm. – pre- driving home bg check.  bg 286.  Pump calculated 2.0 bolus of insulin.  Work ends at 6:00.

6:45 p.m. – home for dinner.  bg was 232.  I ate a hamburger patty, corn and green beans for dinner.  45 g carbohydrates.  3.8 units normal bolus, 2.8 units square bolus over 30 minutes.

9:30 p.m.  bg was 210.  No bedtime snack needed. The reservoir on my pump was empty, so I filled a new one and changed the insertion site and the tubing. I turned the clocks back and went to bed at 10:00.

My activity level for the day was low due to the broken bones in my foot.  My day at work was mostly spent seated and my evening at home was spent reading.  Different activity levels require different responses with the pump and can make bg go low very quickly.

Fasting bg Nov 2: 116. Not too bad!

Please come back next Wednesday to read about complications that can develop from diabetes.

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There has been a meme floating around on Facebook for quite a while asking for the 10 books that have stayed with you. Inspired by that, I thought I would see if I could come up with 10 Young Adult books that have stayed with me. Some I read in childhood and others are more recent, but I’m sure they will remain favorites. In honor of banned book week, I have checked to see if these titles have ever been banned. Six of them are on the frequently challenged list.  Can you guess which ones?

1. A Wrinkle in Time by Madeline L’Engle was suggested to me by my sixth grade teacher. With the help of Mrs. Who, Mrs. Which and Mrs Whatsit, Meg, Charles Wallace and Calvin journey to the planet Camazotz to rescue Meg and Charles Wallace’s father.

2. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley was recommended by another teacher in 9th grade.  This was before Louise Brown was the first “test tube baby.”  The technology seemed fantastic and improbable at the time.  It is a caution against replacing individuality with safety and conformity.

3. 1984 by George Orwell was also a 9th grade read (well before 1984, by the way.)  This is another dystopian novel about the dangers of technology and big government.  I still use the phrases “Big Brother is watching you,” and “Freedom is the ability to say 2+2=5.”

4. The  Earthsea series by Ursula LeGuin is pure fantasy.  Sparrowhawk goes to the island of Gont to learn how to use his power.  He learns the power of naming and eventually becomes one of the greatest wizards in the land.  A Wizard of Earthsea is the first in the series and tells of his childhood and studies.

5. A Canticle for Liebowitz by Walter M Miller is a post apocalyptic book that begins in the distant future with the discovery of a 20th century shopping list written by someone named Liebowitz.  This is in an emerging society after “the Simplification,” which included burning all written material and destroying scientific knowledge after a nuclear holocaust.  It centers on the monks who are trying to secretly preserve what little written material that has survived and who decide that Liebowitz is a saint.  The novel covers three periods of time after the Simplification and ends with the cycle about to begin again as man develops nuclear weapons once again.

6. The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien is a tale Tolkien wrote for his children with everything you could ask for in a fantasy.  “There and Back Again” as Bilbo calls it is a tale of swords and sorcery, trolls, goblins, dragons, beasts and treasure.  What more could you ask?  Why, for The Lord of the Rings, of course.  Tolkien is the standard by which all fantasy series are measured.

7. The Giver by Lois Lowry tells of a “perfect” society in which everyone follows the same path: school until 12, training for an assigned career after age 12, marriage, and two children.  This is a powerful story about Jonas who is assigned the career of reciever of memory.  He learns that his community is not the perfect society he had been taught it was.  There are three follow up novels in this series:

8. The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins is popular right now because of the movies, but the books are well written and the end of the first book makes you want to cheer.  I think the themes in The Hunger Games will stay with me for a long time.

9. City of Bones by Cassandra Clare.  This is another book that has been made into a movie, but I liked it before I knew it was being filmed.  I like the teen aged Shadowhunters as main characters and Clare gives them some mystery and depth as characters.

10. A Long Way from Chicago by Richard Peck and A Year Down Yonder are about a brother and sister and their grandmother.  Joey and his sister Mary Alice travel by train to visit their grandmother in a small Illinois town.  I totally fell in love with Grandma Dowdel and her crazy antics.

Bonus: 11. Seraphina by Rachel Hartman creates a world in which dragons and humans co-exist, but not happily.  Dragons can assume human form and are distrusted by humans because this power allows dragons to walk unknown amongst humans.  Seraphina is the newest musician in the court and becomes embroiled in scandals and intrigue despite her best efforts.  I like the different take on dragons.  It is also well written and not all of the plot twists are predictable.

 

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Medieval Runway Project 34Using mainly newspapers teens at Shawnee Branch worked together to form medieval costumes from warrior princesses to noble knights in armor! Here are their creations…

Medieval Runway Project 67 Medieval Runway Project 69 Medieval Runway Project 63 Medieval Runway Project 43

… all ready for the runway!

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Don’t forget to sign up for the 2013 Young Adult Summer Chess Tournament! The deadline for registration is Friday, July 26th at 6:00 pm. Come out and enjoy free, friendly competition with other teens your age, as well as eat pizza and possibly win a trophy!

If you haven’t picked up a form yet, click on the link below to download one. You can return it to any ACPL library location.

ACPL YA chess tournament reg 2013

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